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Regenerative medicine is an emerging field that seeks to restore health rather than merely treat disease. As the National Institutes of Health explains, “Regenerative medicine is the process of creating living, functional tissues to repair or replace tissue or organ function lost due to age, disease, damage, or congenital defects.” This field holds the promise of regenerating damaged tissues and organs in the body by stimulating previously damaged tissue and irreparable organs to heal themselves.”Central to the practice of regenerative medicine is cellular therapy, or the use of therapeutic cells to restore healthy organ and tissue function. Every living tissue in the human body is comprised of cells and they are responsible for carrying out the function and maintenance of every organ in the body. Cells and natural combinations of cells have been used safely and successfully for therapeutic purposes for more than fifty years. Blood transfusions were the first type of cellular therapy and bone marrow transplantation has been a standard of care for patients with aggressive forms of cancer for decades.Organ transplants have become routine in modern medicine and have saved countless lives, while grafts of the skin and cornea for burns or eye injury have been widely employed. But recent scientific progress is expanding using cells derived from either perinatal (umbilical cord blood) or adult (bone marrow, peripheral blood, or adipose